Rowan Professor on Why Upcoming Super Blue Blood Moon Is So Super

A total lunar eclipse occurs when the moon Earth and sun are aligned and the moon moves into the Earth’s shadow

And if you are a bit upset about missing the eclipse, you only have to wait a year (January 21, 2019) for our next total lunar eclipse, which also happens to be a supermoon! First of all, it's rare to have two supermoons during the same month.

And if you do miss it, the next time this moon madness will happen is 2037.

The "super" part refers to a supermoon when the moon is closer to the earth's orbit and appears bigger and brighter, about 14 percent brighter than usual. "Light refracted through our atmosphere turns the lunar surface red, much like we see red sunsets".

"In the dark, many familiar craters and other features can't be seen, and the normally non-descript areas around some craters start to "glow", because the rocks there are still warm", Hayne added. For those of us in North America, there has not been a combination of a supermoon, blue moon and total lunar eclipse since 1866 (just after the Civil War)!

Not too late for flu shots
While children and people over 65 are most vulnerable, the flu can have complications or be fatal to people of all ages. Most people diagnosed with the flu will recover without any lasting problems, instead, they just won't feel their best.

Finally, we have the Blood Moon. "From home, it will look like the full moon, but the colour will be slightly copper red". The lunar calendar nearly lines up with our monthly calendar, but not exactly. For the first time in over a century, a Blue Moon, a Supermoon, and a Blood Moon will all coincide on the same day.

But on the early morning of January 31, this blue moon will appear not blue but instead will be a spectacular red. "While the Moon is in the Earth's shadow it will take on a reddish tint, known as a 'blood moon'". The umbral eclipse begins at 3:48 a.m. Harvest Moon The Harvest Moon is the full moon closest in date to the autumnal equinox; it is usually the September full moon that takes the title of Harvest Moon.

By that time, however, the moon will already have set in the eastern time zone. NASA says "Californians and viewers in western Canada will be treated to the total eclipse phase from start to finish, though the penumbral shadow will pass after the Moon has set".

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